“Riq‘a” is derived from the noun ruq’a, meaning “a patch or piece of cloth” because it was written on small scraps of paper. Originally devised to write Turkish for the late Ottoman bureauocracy, it was used broadly across the Arab and Ottoman world for personal correspondence and handwriting. It was developed in second half of 18th century and it is still in use today. This script is a simplification of the diwani script constructed from short strokes. The letters are more straight than rounded and easier to learn and write than other scripts. This is a good script for beginners.